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2019年翻譯資格考試《二級筆譯實務》模擬試卷(三)

發布時間:2019年10月23日 09:35:39 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

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【摘要】小編給大家帶來2019年翻譯資格考試《二級筆譯實務》模擬試卷(三),希望對大家有所幫助。加入環球網校有專業的老師為您解答問題,還可以和考友一起交流!

Section 1 English-Chinese Translation(Translate the following passage into Chinese.)

1.Disruptive labor market changes will result in a loss of more than 5.1 million jobs from 2015 to 2020, according to a latest report by World Economic Forum (WEF). The Fourth Industrial Revolution, which includes developments in fields such as artificial intelligence and machine-learning, robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and genetics and biotechnology, will cause widespread disruption not only to business models but also to labor markets over the next five years,according to the report, the Future of Jobs, published Monday by the WEF. This trend will lead to a loss of more than 5 million jobs in 15 major developed and emerging economies, said the report. The report predicts that in the next five years there will be a total loss of 7.1 million jobs — two thirds of which are concentrated in routine white collar office functions, such as office and administrative roles — and a total gain of 2 million jobs, in computer and mathematical and Architecture and Engineering related fields. “In its scale, scope, and complexity,the transformation will be unlike anything humankind has experienced before,” wrote Klaus Schwab,Founder and Executive Chairman of WEF in his latest article called The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond. Compared with previous industrial revolutions, the Fourth is evolving at an exponential rather than a linear pace, said Schwab. Moreover, it is disrupting almost every industry in every country. And the breadth and depth of these changes herald the transformation of entire systems of production, management, and governance. According to a latest international survey, four out of ten young people around the world worry that robot will replace them in the future workforce due to rapid development of technology. Commissioned by Indian business and software services firm Infosys, the study surveyed around 1,000 16- to 25-year-olds in Australia, Brazil, Britain, China, France, Germany,India and the United States, as well as South Africa,where a smaller sample of 700 was polled. Young people in developed economies are more worried about their future jobs. Nearly 80 percent of interviewees think that it is a must to keep learning in order to gain competitiveness ahead of rapid development of technology. Globally, while almost two-thirds of those queried said they felt positive about their job prospects, those in developing economies were far more optimistic than their peers in developed markets. In India, 60 per cent said they think they have the skills needed for their careers, just a quarter were similarly optimistic in France, the poll found.

2.An internal briefing document seen by the BBC says the effects of globalisation on advanced economies is "often uneven" and "may have led to rising wage inequality". The bank, which provides loans to developing countries, also says that "adjustment costs",such as helping people who have lost their jobs,have been higher than expected. Dr. Jim Kim, the head of the World Bank, told the BBC that he understood why people were angry in advanced economies despite the fact that free trade was one of the 6tmost powerful" drivers of growth and prosperity. "I hear them and they are saying that my life is not better than my parents and my children's life does not look like it's going to be better than mine," he told me. "So there is a real concern but the answer is to have more robust social security programmes,so you have a safety net. And then you need to get serious about getting the skills you need for the jobs of the future." Dr. Kim said that 20% of jobs lost in advanced economies could be linked to trade, with the rest down to automation and the need for new skills. He said governments needed to do more to support those who had lost their jobs. Dr. Kim said that if developed countries start throwing up trade barriers, ambitious targets to eradicate poverty by 2030 could be missed because global economic growth would be slower. "It will be much,much harder to achieve [the poverty targets],there's no question," Dr. Kim told me. "We can build all the infrastructure we want and we can increase trade among the emerging market countries, [but] at the end of the day if global trade does not grow at a more robust rate, it is going to be very hard to make those targets" I asked him directly if the target could be missed. "We very well could, absolutely,it's possible," he said. Proposals to end extreme poverty — defined as anyone living on less than $1.25 a day — were put together by a United Nations committee chaired by David Cameron in 2013. Dr. Kim said that action by organisations like the World Bank, which provides loans to developing countries, as well as the growth of free trade had lifted millions of people out of poverty. He said that international organisations had to do more to explain the advantages of global trade for advanced as well as emerging economies.

Section 2 Chinese-English Translation(Translate the following passage into English.)

1.昨晚,中國的嫦娥四號飛船成功登月,降落在地球上看不到的一面,此前沒 有其他飛船到達過的地方。這艘在12月初發射的飛船,最近幾周都在環游太空,為 “月之暗面”著陸做準備。據新華社官方消息,嫦娥四號成功降落在馮•卡曼(Von Karman)撞擊坑內。新華社發布的圖片向世界展示了月球背面的樣子,我們能在圖像 中看到荒涼的金色表層和一個大凹槽。 嫦娥四號探測器著陸在太陽系最大的火山口。這次精準著陸將幫助中國為接下來 的月球探索和未來對其他星球的探測打下基礎。這次著陸吸引了全世界的目光,其中 就有埃隆•馬斯克(Elon Musk),他在推特上向中國表示祝賀。此次飛行任務只是中 國不斷增長的太空探索宏偉目標的一部分。幾年前中國就發射過一艘飛船探索月球的其他部分。最近的這次嫦娥四號飛行任務旨在為月球、地球和太陽系的演化研宄提供 第一手數據和線索。中國表示還有探測其他行星的發射任務。考生如果怕自己錯過考試報名時間和考試時間的話,可以 免費預約短信提醒,屆時會以短信的方式提醒大家報名和考試時間。

2.梵凈山被譽為貴州第一山,系武陵山脈的最高峰,位于貴州省銅仁市下轄的江 口、印江、松桃三縣交界處。它的最高峰鳳凰山海拔2572米。站在山頂80多米高的黃 金山峰上,視線絕佳:陡峭的石柱支撐著巨大的方形巖石,被稱為“萬卷書”。 這座山以其壯麗的自然景觀和亞熱帶生態的珍稀動植物而聞名。這座山有著豐富 的生物多樣性和完整性,是4394種植物和2767種動物的家園。1986年梵凈山被列為首 批國家級自然保護區之一,受到聯合國教科文組織“人與生物圈”的保護。 早在明朝時,這座山就是佛教圣地,長期以來它與峨眉山、五臺山、普陀山、九 華山齊名。游客可以飽覽云霧繚繞的群山、美麗的植被、陡ill肖的懸崖、回蕩的洞穴和 古老的橋梁。

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